All About Ayurveda

Ayurvedic Medicines

Ayurvedic Medicines


Ayurveda is the oldest surviving complete medical system in the world.  ‘Ayus’ (life) and ‘Ved’ (knowledge) – that means Knowledge of life. Ayurveda elucidates the Do’s and Don’ts one has to follow, which favors the well being of each individual to lead a healthy and happy life physically, mentally, spiritually and socially.

The main source of knowledge in this field is  the Vedas, the divine books of knowledge, more specifically the fourth of the series, namely Atharvaveda. The samhita of the Atharvaveda  contains 114 hymns or incantations for the magical cure of diseases. Scholars have traced the origins of Ayurveda back to 5,000 BCE. originating as an oral tradition. Later, as medical texts, Ayurveda evolved from the Vedas.

There are two ways in which to approach Ayurvedic principles and terminology:

  • The historical foundation (as evidenced in the oldest Ayurvedic texts, going back to the early centuries of the Common Era)
  • Forms of traditional medicine prevalent across India today.

Panch Mahabhuta

Ayurveda therefore is not simply a health care system but a form of lifestyle adopted to maintain perfect balance and harmony within the human existence. Everything in the universe – living or non living, is made up of five basic elements ( PANCH MAHA BHUTA) :-

  1. Aakash (Space)
  2. Vayu (Air)
  3. Tej (Fire)
  4. Jala (Water)
  5. Prithvi (Earth)


These Maha Bhuta’s combines with the TRI DOSHA (The three physical energies – VATA, PITTA, KAPHA) and TRI GUNA (the three mental energies – SATWA, RAJAS, TAMAS) in different proportion to for an individual and its PRAKRITI. The relation between the Mahabhuta and the Dosha is given below:-



Subtle Element

Sense Organ

VataAakash(Space) Sound(SHABD)Ears
VataVayu (Air)Touch(SPARSH)Skin
PittaAgni/Tejas (Fire)Sight(ROOP)Eyes
Pitta, KaphaJal (Water)Taste(RASA)Tongue
KaphaPrithvi (Earth)Smell(GANDHA)Nose


Aakash (Space)VATTANervous System
Vayu (Air)
Agni (Fire)PITTAMetabolism and digestion
Jal (Water)
Jal (Water)KAPHAImmune System
Prithvi (Earth)


PANCH MAHABHUTA represents the structure and the TRIDOSHA represents the functioning of this structure. Prakarti is the physical and psychological constitution of a person. It is determined at the time of conception, and is based on the predominance of the tridosha in the sperm and the ovum at the time of fertilization. The PRAKARTI of a person is permanent and remains same through out the life span. Various combinations of the TRIDOSHA leads to seven different types of PRAKARTI:-

  1. VATAJ

Health according to Ayurveda

Ayurveda states that a balance of the three elemental substances, the Doshas, seven dhatus [ RASA (lymph), RAKTA (blood), MAASA (flesh), MAEDA (fat), ASTHI (bone), MAJJA (marrow) and SUKRA (sperm)], and mala (urine, stool, saliva, nasal secretions, ear secretions, sweat, hairs nails etc) equals health, while imbalance equals disease.

Sama Doshas (Balanced Doshas)

Sama Aagni (Balanced Aagni)

Sama Dhatu (Balanced Dhatu)

Sama Malah (Balanced Malah)

Prassana Indriya
Prassana Mana
Prassana Aatma



Concept of Ayurveda can as a whole be defined as the balance between the three aspects of our body, like our nervous system, the balancing of the bile in our body , which leads to digestion , and the balance of  mucous, a lubrication which carries the nutrients present in the body to the arterial system. Ayurveda thus offers a unique blend of science and philosophy that balances the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual components necessary for holistic health.

Eight components of Ayurveda(Sanskrit aṣṭāṅga अष्टांग)

  1. (General medicine) – Kāya-chikitsā: “cure of diseases affecting the body”
  2. (Pediatrics) – Kaumāra-bhṛtya: “treatment of children”
  3. (Surgery) – Śhalya-chikitsā: “removal of any substance which has entered the body (as extraction of darts, of splinters, etc.)”
  4. (Ophthalmology / ENT/Dentistry) – Śālākya-tantra: “cure of diseases of the teeth, eye or ear etc. by sharp instruments”
  5. (Demonology / exorcism / psychiatry) – Bhoot –vidyā: “treatment of mental diseases”
  6. (Toxicology) – Agada-tantra :Gada means Poison. “doctrine of antidotes”
  7. (Anti Ageings) – Rasayana-tantra: “doctrine of Rasayana”
  8. (Aphrodisiacs) – Vājīkaraṇa tantra


Ways of Diagnosis (Vikriti Pariksha)


  1. Darshana (by looking at the patient)
  2. Sparshana, (making the assessment by touch)
  3. Prashna. (By interrogating the patient)


  1. NadiPariksha(Pulseexamination)
  2. Jivha Pariksha (Tongue examination)
  3. Shabda Pariksha (Voice examination)
  4. Sparsha Pariksha (Skin examination)
  5. Drka Pariksha (Eyes examination)
  6. Akruti Pariksha (General appearance examination)
  7. Mutra Pariksha (Urine examination)
  8. Mala Pariksha (Stool examination)


  1. Prakriti (Physical constitution)
  2. Vikruti (Pathological condition)
  3. Sara (Perfectness of body tissue)
  4. Samhanana (Physical build)
  5. Pramana (Proportion of limbs and elements)
  6. Satmya (Homologation)
  7. Sattva (Psychic constitution)
  8. Ahara shakti (Digestive capacity)
  9. Vyayama shakti (Capacity for exercise)
  10. Vaya (Age of the patient)

Chaturvidh Gyana

  1. Pratyaksham (from what is observed)
  2. Anumanam (from what you can guess)
  3. Aptopadesham (from what is told by the guru’s and other teachings)
  4. Yukti (according to logic)

Ayurvedic doctors regard physical and mental existence as well as personality as a unit, each element having the capacity to influence the others. One of the fundamental aspects of Ayurvedic medicine is to take this holistic approach into account during diagnosis and therapy.


Treatment and health protection

Ayurvedic theory emphasis that building a healthy metabolic system, attaining good digestion and proper excretion lead to vitality. Ayurveda also focuses on exercise, yoga, and meditation, a Sattvic diet , following a Dinacharya (following proper timings of regular bathing, cleansing of teeth, skin care, and eye washing, waking, sleeping, working, meditation etc.)

Ensuring the proper functions of channels (srotas) that transport fluids is one part of Ayurvedic treatment, because a lack of healthy channels is thought to cause diseases.

Balance is emphasized:- suppressing natural urges is considered unhealthy and claimed to lead to illness. For example to suppress sneezing, may give rise to shoulder pain. People are also cautioned to stay within the limits of reasonable balance and measure when following nature’s urges(Tiri upstambh – Aahar, Nidra, Bhramcharya). For example, emphasis is placed on moderation of food intake, sleep, sexual intercourse etc.

The specific aim is to heal the disease from its root and to eradicate total disharmony of the mind- body relationship. Thus stress is not given on the disease but on the patient leading him to a vibrant healthy life. Ayurveda begins where everything fails and when the treatment is uncertain and prolonged, Ayurvedic approach is the right choice since it cures chronic and stubborn diseases by its deep rooted treatment procedures and drugs.




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  1. Bhupender Singh on May 17, 2014 at 6:24 am said:

    Very nice !

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