Treatment of Thyroid Disorders

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In the last post we have already discussed the basic details about the thyroid gland, it’s structure, functioning, various disorders, and its diagnosis. Now we will discuss the treatment of the thyroid disorders in three parts, firstly hyperthyroidism diet,  secondly hypothyroidism diet and lastly the yoga exercises to control the disorder.

Treatment of thyroid disorders

The basic aim of treatment of thyroid disorders is to restore the hormone levels to their proper balance. These disorders can be treated both medically and surgically, according to the disease. Hyperthyroidism needs treatment that will slow down the making of thyroid hormone, while hypothyroidism needs hormone replacement.

Surgery can be used to remove a large goiter or a hyper-functioning nodule within the gland. Surgery is necessary when there is a possibility of thyroid cancer. If the thyroid gland is removed entirely, the individual will need to take synthetic thyroid hormone for life.

Alternative treatment

Drugs and surgery are usually effective ways to adjust hormone levels. There are many doctors and the super specialists to advice you medicines and the surgery. Here we will discuss Other treatment methods, including diet supplements and diet changes, herbal remedies, and special exercises including Yoga asanas, may relieve some of the discomfort and help the thyroid gland work better.


  • The mineral iodine plays a key role in making thyroid hormones. A low-iodine diet helps to reduce thyroid hormones.
  • Eat small but frequent meals. Eat food at regular interval. Meal gap should be less than 3 hrs between any two meals.
  • When you choose food make sure that it nourishes your body and not just give you empty calories.
  • Take a proper sleep of 6-8 hrs. Make a routine for early to bed and early to rise.
  • Do not fill up your stomach with low calorie foods like salads and veggies.

Hyperthyroidism diet



  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Raspberries
Cruciferous vegetables – may stop the thyroid from using iodine properly
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Kale
  • Cabbage
  • Mustard
  • Bamboo shoots
Vitamin D & Omega -3 fatty acid
  • Salmon
  • Walnuts
  • Olive oil
  • Flax seed oil
  • Mushrooms
  • Eggs
  • avocado oil
  • coconut oil
High proteins
  • Turkey
  • Beans and nuts
  • Yogurt
  • Cheese
  • Milk
  • Calcium-fortified orange juice
  • Almond milk
  • Calcium-fortified cereals
Fiber rich carbohydrates with lower glycemic impact
  • Oatmeal
  • Whole grain pasta
  • Yams
  • Lentils
For Vitamins and minerals
  • Carrots
  • Asparagus
  • Green Beans
  • Beef and lamb
  • Chickpeas
  • Cocoa powder
  • Cashews
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Tea
  • Rice
  • Rajma
  • Bajra
  • Oat bran
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Green leafy vegetables
Other foods
  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Green chillies
  • Black pepper
  • Turmeric
  • Green tea
  • Rock salt

Above table shows foods that we can have but foods that should be avoided are much more important then what we eat. If we are eating foods that increases the thyroid hormone levels, then no matter how much exercise we do, what medicines we take, we will get very little or no results.

A teaspoon of iodized salt gives you 284 micrograms of iodine. Seafood has the most iodine. Just 1 gram of seaweed contains 2 milligrams of iodine. The recommend dose of iodine is about 1.1 milligrams per day. A low-iodine diet requires even less.

Food items that should be avoided

Foods high in Iodine
  • Sea food – fish, seaweed, prawns, crabs, lobster, sushi, agar-agar, algae
  • milk and dairy
  • cheese
  • egg yolks
  • iodized salt
  • iodized water
  • some food coloring
Limit high glycemic foods
  • Processed grains
  • Sugary sweets
  • Juices
  • Low fiber cereals
  • Rice cakes
  • Instant potatoes
  • soy milk
  • soy sauce
  • tofu
  • soy-based creamers
  • Read, fried and processed meats
Some vegetables rich in nitrates ( it increases Iodine absorption)
  • celery
  • lettuce
  • beets
  • spinach
  • parsley
  • fennel
  • turnip
  • broccoli
  • cucumber
  • pumpkin
Trans fat foods
  • Cookies
  • Cakes
  • Pasteries
  • French fries
  • Crackers
  • wheat
  • barley
  • brewer’s yeast
  • malt
  • rye
Alcohol and smoking
  • Soft drinks
  • Coffee
  • Black tea
Avoid stress as much as you can.


** If in case you require a proper diet chart for yourself regarding thyroid disorders or any other purpose, you can get one specially designed for you on offers you a bouquet of services in the domain of healthy eating and healthy living. Our aim is to ensure good health for all by provision of custom-made balanced diets and relaxation techniques. We guide you to the best of nutrition-related services through our counselling and consultation sessions. With expert dieticians focused on individual needs of clients, and recommendations based on latest research on nutrition, we offer you the health and wellness advice you need to keep yourself fit and productive throughout life. After all, good health means you can work more, enjoy more and live more!) **


(P.S. – Next will be the diet for hypothyroidism, later the yoga exercises to control the disorder. Keep reading. Stay happy and stay healthy. )

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