Treatment of thyroid disorders – II

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Treatment of thyroid disorders

In the past we have already discussed the basic details about the thyroid gland, it’s structure, functioning, various disorders, and its diagnosis, and then under the heading of treatment for thyroid disorders we discussed the diet for hyperthyroidism.  Now we will discuss the diet for hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism is the most common of the thyroid disorders. It affects 1 to 2% of people worldwide and is ten times more likely to affect women than men. It occurs when the thyroid hormones are not sufficiently available for proper functioning.

Its treatment is to restore the hormone levels by hormone replacement. This can be done by taking medicines, controlling diet, regular exercise and maintaining a positive and stress free environment around ourselves.

Let us discuss the diet part of the treatment here.

Hypothyroidism Diet

Diet

Diet

Many common foods and supplements contain compounds that interfere with thyroid function. Avoiding some foods and eating more of others can improve our body’s proper absorption of these hormones.

People with hypothyroidism should eat a diet based around vegetables, fruit and lean meats. They are low in calories and very filling, which may help prevent weight gain.

 

Necessary Sources Important
Iodine
  • Iodized salt
  • Seaweed
  • Low fat Milk
  • Cod-fish
  • Himalayan crystal salt
  • Boiled eggs
  • Yogurt
  • Cranberries
Eating too much iodine can have the opposite effect and suppress thyroid gland activity. Too much iodine can cause either under activity of the thyroid (hypothyroidism) or, in some cases over activity (hyperthyroidism).
Selenium
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Nuts – Brazil nuts, acadamia nuts, hazelnuts
  • fatty fish such as wild salmon, trout, tuna, and sardines
  • Berries
  • Egg yolk
  • Legumes
Selenium helps the body “activate” thyroid hormones so they can be used by the body. The max upper limit of selenium is 400 mcg a day. Too much selenium can cause “garlic breath,” hair loss, discolored nails, and even heart failure.
Probiotics
  •  Yogurt
It reduces leaky gut syndrome, nutrient deficiencies, inflammation and autoimmune reactions.
Anti oxidants
  • Blueberries
  • Tomatoes
  • Bell peppers
  • Green peppers
  • Cherries
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Turmeric
  • Coconut water
Combating free-radical damage and lowering inflammation.
High fiber foods
  • Whole grains
  • Beans
  • Fresh vegetables
  • Banana
  • Berries
  • Beans
  • Lentils
  • Seeds
It improves heart health, support digestive health, balances blood sugar levels, hormone balance and supports a healthy weight by making you feel fuller.
Omega 3 fatty acids
  • Fish such as wild salmon, trout, tuna, sardines, or mackerel
  • Hemp seeds
  • Chia seeds
  • Chicken and beef
Adequate levels of fats in your diet support a healthy mood and brain function while helping to lower inflammation and support healthy neurological function.
Calcium and vitamin D
  • Low fat milk
  • Probiotics
  • Yogurt
It reduces leaky gut syndrome, nutrient deficiencies, inflammation and autoimmune reactions.

A teaspoon of iodized salt gives you 284 mcg of iodine. Seafood has the most iodine. Just 1 gram of seaweed contains 2 milligrams of iodine. The recommend dose of iodine is about 1.1 milligrams (1000 mcg) per day. A low-iodine diet requires even less.

The food we eat gives us sufficient nutrients, if we take a balanced diet. In case of hypothyroidism, it is more important to avoid some food items which causes negative effects.

Food items that should be avoided

Soy
  • Soy milk
  • Soy-sauce
  • Tofu
  • Soy-based creamers
  • Soy flavonoids
Cruciferous vegetables
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Turnips (They are rich in iodine but it decreases the activity of enzyme thyroid per-oxidase, which is required to insert iodine into thyroid hormone)
Other fruits and vegetables
  • Corn
  • Flax seeds
  • Sweet potato
  • Mustard greens and mustard seeds
  • Radish
  • Millet flavonoids
  • Wheat sprouts
  • Onions
  • Grapes
  • Apricots
  • Apples
  • Black currents
Refined flour products
  • Bread
  • Cereals
  • Pastas
  • All baked goods
 GlutenMany people with thyroid issues are also sensitive to gluten or have celiac disease, an autoimmune disease that results in an allergy to gluten. Gluten is found in all wheat, rye and barley products.
 Tap waterMost tap water contains fluorine (an endocrine disruptor) and chlorine that inhibit iodine absorption
SugarThyroid is a key gland for hormonal balance and metabolism, sugar can disrupt the hormone balance necessary for metabolism. It’s best to avoid sugar as it can contribute to hormonal disturbances, fatigue, mood changes, worsened depression and weight gain. People with thyroid issues have a difficult time losing weight.

Above is just a list of the food items that should ideally be avoided by any person having hypothyroidism. Most of them directly or indirectly effects the production and absorption of the thyroid hormones. Making small changes in your diet can bring big changes in the hormone levels.

Food items interfering thyroid medicines

If you are taking thyroid medicines but still the hormone levels are not coming to normal levels then check it out if you are making a mistake in how the thyroid medicines are to be taken and what all food items can interfere with the absorption of the medicine or they may inhibit the activity of an enzyme that makes thyroid hormones.

  • Time gap :- Thyroid medicines are mostly prescribed by your doctor as morning dose, to be taken empty stomach. Ideally you should avoid all food items for at least 2 hrs after you take your medicine.
  • Avoid taking your thyroid hormone at the same time as:

1. Walnuts

2. Soybean flour

3. Coffee and tea

4. Cottonseed meal

5. Calcium supplements

6. Iron supplements or multivitamins containing iron in form of ferrous sulphate.

7. Antacids that contain aluminum or magnesium

8. Some ulcer medications, such as sucralfate (Carafate)

9. Some cholesterol-lowering drugs, such as those containing cholestyramine (Prevalite) and colestipol (Colestid)

10. Although a high-fiber diet is usually recommended, too much fiber eaten right after taking thyroid medicines may interfere with their absorption.

11. Alcohol – It has been reported to cause direct suppression of thyroid function by cellular toxicity, and indirect suppression by blunting thyrotropin-releasing hormone response.

12. Smoking – Current smoking lowers the risk of developing thyroid peroxidase and thyroglobulin antibodies and subclinical and overt autoimmune hypothyroidism; the effect is dose dependent, but disappears within 3 years after quitting smoking.

 

** If in case you require a proper diet chart for yourself regarding thyroid disorders or any other purpose, you can get one specially designed for you on http://www.nutriapt.com/(Nutriapt offers you a bouquet of services in the domain of healthy eating and healthy living. Our aim is to ensure good health for all by provision of custom-made balanced diets and relaxation techniques. We guide you to the best of nutrition-related services through our counselling and consultation sessions. With expert dieticians focused on individual needs of clients, and recommendations based on latest research on nutrition, we offer you the health and wellness advice you need to keep yourself fit and productive throughout life. After all, good health means you can work more, enjoy more and live more!) **

 

(P.S. – I just hope this small information on diet for hypothyroidism will help you control your thyroid problem. As you must have already read the previous post, that was based on the diet for hyperthyroidism, now, in the next post we will discuss the yoga exercises to control the disorder. Keep reading. Stay happy and stay healthy. )

 

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