Liver Disease

Liver

Liver is the body’s largest gland. It clears toxins from the body, processes food nutrients and production of bio-chemicals necessary for digestion. It synthesizes many amino acids used in building tissues. To maintain good health of the body liver must produce half to one liter of bile every day. Liver produces bile all the time. When it is not needed to digest food the bile is stored in gall bladder. Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to the liver or disease of the liver. There are many kinds of liver diseases. Viruses causes some of them like hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C. Others can be the results of drugs, poison or drinking too much alcohol. If the liver forms a scar tissue because of an illness, it’s call cirrhosis. Cancer can effect the liver. You could also inherit a liver disease such as hemochromatosis.

Signs and symptoms

The symptoms related to liver dysfunction include

  • digestive problems,
  • coagulopathies
  • blood sugar problems,
  • immune disorders,
  • abnormal absorption of fats,
  • gallstones,
  • intolerance to fatty foods,
  • intolerance to alcohol,
  • nausea and vomiting attacks,
  • abdominal bloating,
  • constipation,
  • depression,
  • mood changes,
  • poor concentration,
  • excessive weight gain (which may lead to obesity),
  • inability to lose weight even while dieting

 

Types of Liver Disease

There are more than a hundred kinds of liver disease. The most widely spread are as follows:

 

According to Ayurveda

Causes

Wrong day to day activities that may aggravate symptoms of pitta

Pathophysiology

Shakhashrit kamala

Guru sheet madhur aadi nidaan sevan

Kapha vridhi and kapha dvara marg avrodh
Vata prakoop
Vata dwara pitta ko shakhaon mein sthaan sansarg
Skin eyes nails urine becomes yellow
Stool discolouration to white
Shakhashrit kamala

Koshthshakhaashrit kamala

Nidaaan sevan
Rakt kan durbalata
Vradh pitta dwara rakt kan ko adhik todna
Pitta ka koshth twacha rakt aadi shakhaon mein jaana
Koshthshakhaashrit kaamla

Classification

  • Shakhashrit kamala (obstructive jaundice)
  • Koshthashrit kamala (hepatic/infective jaundice)
  • Koshthshakhashrit kaaamla (haemolytic jaundice)
  • Kumbh kamala (later stage of koshthshakhashrit kamala and can be called as chronic jaundice with oedema or cirrhosis of liver)
  • Halimak later stage of shakhashrit kamala (chronic obstructive jaundice)

Sign and symptoms

Shakhashrit kamla

  • Dark yellowish coloured eyes, mouth skin and nails
  • White coloured stool
  • Indigestion
  • Anorexia
  • Flatulence
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Chest pain
  • Hiccough
  • Dyspnoea
  • Constipation

Koshthashrit kamla

  • Yellow discolouration of nails, skin, eyes, mouth
  • Yellowish and reddish discolouration of urine and stool
  • Indigestion
  • Weakness
  • Lassitude
  • Burning sensation
  • Skin colour like frog’s colour

Koshthshakhashrit kamala

Kumbhkaamla

  • Dark yellow coloured urine and stool
  • Oedema
  • Roughness or dryness of skin
  • Pain in joints

Halimak

  • Greenish yellow discolouration of skin
  • Loss of strength and enthusiasm
  • Drowsiness
  • Mild fever or low grade fever
  • Indigestion
  • Loss of libido (maithun)
  • Bodyache
  • Dyspnoea
  • Polydipsia
  • Anorexia
  • Vertigo

Management in Ayuropathy

  • Liver tonics are used in the form of herbal preparations.
  • Plenty of liquids in diet.
  • Color therapy with sun charged water from yellow bottle.
  • Massage the region of liver with different oils.
  • Light exercises according to personal strength.
  • Paschimottana Asana and Bhujanga Asana.
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